MA MUALLIMIN NW BORO'TUMBUH
SITUS PRESIDEN RI

Rabu, 16 April 2014

Pelaksanaan Ujian Nasional Utama Tahun 2014 Telah Selesai

Alhadulillah, Selesai sudah pelaksanaan Ujian Nasional Tahun 2014 di MA Muallimin NW Boro'Tumbuh, Mudah-mudahan dengan 3 Tahun Siswa Siswi Kami menjalani proses pembelajaran, ditambah 4 bulan lebih Proses Pemantapan Khusus Mapel UN dapat MELOLOSkan siswa siswa kami dalam pelaksanaan Ujian Nasional Tahun 2014 ini.
Pelaksanaan Ujian Nasional di MA Muallimin NW Boro'Tumbuh dari 14 April s.d. 16 April Tahun 2014 ini berjalan dengan Aman dan Lancar, Tentunya Semua ini tidak lepas dari Keterlibatan Panitia, Pengawas Ruangan, dan Juga Keterlibatan Pengawas Indenpenden Universitas Mataram Bapak Drs. Alamsyah AB,MP Yang Ramah dan selalu senyum yang setiap hari pulang pergi dari Mataram ke Lombok Timur dengan jarak yang cukup jauh,kemudian beliau dengan Disiplin Selalu Mengirig Petugas, Mangambil Naskah Soal Sampai mengantar Kembali Lembar LJUN ke Sub Rayon. Sekali Lagi Trima Kasih Banyak kepada Bapak Drs. Alamsyah AB,MP. dan Pengawas Ruangan yang dengan Tekun, Teliti, dan Sabar Melewati Pelaksanaan Ujian Nasional Tahun 2014 ini.
Berikut di bawah Dokumentasi Pelaksanaan Ujian Nasional Tahun 2014 yang berlangsung di MA Muallimin NW Boro'Tumbuh.Yang Mungkin Satu-Satunya Aliyah Muallimin di Indonesia yang memiliki Siswa Perempuan.

Dengan Rutin, Teliti, dan Sabar Bapak Drs. Alamsyah AB.MP (Baju Kotak-kotak) selaku Penganwas Independen  UN 2014 dari UNRAM mengawasi dan memeriksa kelengkapan UN di MA Muallimin NW Boro'Tumbuh 


Lagi-Lagi Pengawas Ruangan bersama Bersama Pengawas Independen UNRAM (Drs. Alamsyah AB,MP) memeriksa kembali kelengkapan dokumen-dokumen UN-2014

Bapak Drs. Alamsyah AB,MP bersama siswa siswi MA Muallimin NW Boro'Tumbuh (semua siswa siswi tampak ceria bersama beliau)



Dari Kiri ke Kanan: Bapak Jalaluddin,S.Pd.(Anggota Panitia UN), Hadariah, SE.(Bendahara Panitia UN), Baiq Nurhidayah,S.Pd.(Anggota Panitia UN), Bapak Asmu'i,S.Pd.I (Kepala/Ketua Panitia UN), Bapak Drs. Alamsyah AB,MP(Pengawas Indipenden UN dari UNRAM), dan Bapak Zaenal Arifin,S.Ag.(Wakil Ketua UN)


  

Rabu, 02 April 2014

Materi Pengelolaan Website dan Jaringan-KEMENAG NTB

User Guide PortalKEMENAG NTB 
PORTAL KEMENAG NTB 
KEMENAG NTB                                                      

Kelulusan Calon Tim Penilai Jabatan Fungsional Guru

Pedoman Pelaksanaan Pemberian Subsidi Tunjangan Fungsional Bagi Guru RA/Madrasah Bukan Pegawai Negeri Sipil (STF-GBPNS) Tahun 2014

Penghapusan Mata Pelajaran TIK,Tiap Sekolah Perlu Dibentuk " Layanan Bimbingan Teknologi Informasi "

Dengan diberlakukannya Kurikulum 2013 dan Mata Pelajaran TIK dihapus cukup membuat para Guru TIK sedikit resah dan kebingungan. Saya sendiri tidak tau pasti alasan yang jelas kenapa Mapel TIK dihapuskan.

Namun saat ini saya melihat, ternyata Perkembangan Teknolgi Informasi dapat diterima dengan cepat oleh siswa siswi, bahkan pelajar setingkat SDpun dapat dengan mudah menerima dan menjalankan Teknologi Informasi yang selalu dan terus berkembang saat ini.

Seribu manfaat dapat kita rasakan dari pemanfaatan Teknolgi Informasi, Namun Sejuta Resiko dan Bencana tak dapat kita perhitungkan dari SALAHnya CARA dalam pemanfaatan Teknologi Informasi, KURANGNYA KONTROL dalam penggunaan Teknologi Informasi, TIDAK ADAnya PENGARAHAN, BIMBINGAN yang RUTIN dalam penggunaan Teknologi Informasi.

Sebagian besar kita mungkin hanya mengajarkan, Bagaimana CARA menjalan Teknologi Informasi, Mencari LAYANAN-LAYANAN  BARU dalam Sistem Informasi yang berkembang saat ini. Namun kadang kita KURANG atau JARANG SEKALI Atau bahkan juga TIDAK PERNAH Mengarahkan kepada mereka mengenai BAGAIMANA CARA memanfaatkan LAYANAN dari SISTEM TEKNOLOGI IINFORMASI secara BENAR sehingga bermanfaat untuk kelangsungan PENDIDIKAN mereka, bukan malah Menelantarkan atau membuat Mereka LALAI Dalam Belajar yang diakibatkan Terlenanya mereka dengan TEKNOLOGI.

Penyerapan Pembelajaran TEKNOLOGI KOMPUTER dan INFORMASI pada siswa, saya sendiri akui tidaklah terlalu sulit untuk dijalankan, bahkan sebagaian besar siswa terkadang sudah menguasi MATERI yang akan kita sampaikan, bahkan mereka juga terkadang lebih dahulu mengetahui dan menggunakan LAYANAN LAYANAN BARU pada perkembangan Sistem Informasi. Sungguh Luar Biasa Pengaruh PERKEMBANGAN TEKNOLGI INFORMASI pada Siswa dan pada GENERASI MUDA umumnya.

Komputer yang dimiliki siswa terkadang jarang dipakai untuk menyelesaikan TUGAS-TUGAS SEKOLAH, Komputer yang dimiliki siswa terkadang lebih banyak berisi Lagu-lagu, Gambar, Video yang tidak wajar untuk mereka dengar dan lihat, belum lagi  ISI File dari perangkat HandPhone mereka.

Beberapa layanan Teknologi Informasi seperti Twitter, Facebook, VideoCall, dll. mereka dapat gunakan dengan sempurna. Sungguh Perkembangan Teknologi Informasi Membuat mereka nikmat dan terlena.

MENURUT SAYA, Berdasarkan Keadaan dan kejadian di Atas, Sudah Saatnya Semua Lembaga Pendidikan Membentuk Tugas Baru yang berupa " Layanan Bimbingan Teknolgi Informasi " yang bertugas " Mengajarkan, Mengarahkan, dan Mengontrol Para Siswa dalam Menggunakan dan Memanfaatkan Teknologi Informasi "

Penghapusan Pelajaran Teknologi Informasi dari Kurikulum, Akan membuat Para siswa lebih tersesat lagi. karna mereka akan belajar sendiri, menjalankan, dan menguasai teknologi kedepan dengan cara mereka sendiri, tanpa ada arahan dan kontrol. Karna mereka tidak lagi mendapatkan arahan dan bimbingan dari sekolah di dalam memilih, menggunakan, dan memamfaatkan Teknologi Informasi.

Saya Berharap Pembentukan Tugas " Layanan Bimbingan Teknolgi Informasi " di Setiap Sekolah dapat dibentuk. 


Terima Kasih.

M. Abid, SH.








Minggu, 30 Maret 2014

Achmad Azhary,S.P. GURU INDONESIA

No Nama ilmiah ( Latin) Nama Umum
1 Abelmoschus esculenthus Okra
2 Abelmoschus moschatus Kasturi
3 Abrosia spp Abrosia
4 Abrus precatorius Saga Manis
5 Abutilon indicum Cemplok
6 Abutilon spp Abutilon
7 Acacia arabica Gom Arab
8 Acacia farnesiana Srikonta
9 Acalypha hispida Ekor Kucing
10 Acalypha sp Akalifa
11 Acalypha wilkesiana Akalifa (Ekor tupai)
12 Acalypha wilkesiana Ekor Tupai (Akalifa)
13 Acanthus ilicifolius Jeruju
14 Acer palmatum Acer
15 Achilea millefolium Daun Seribu
16 Achras zapota Sawo Malaysia
17 Achras zapota var depressa Sawo Manila
18 Achyaranthes aspera Jarong
19 Acorus calamus Dringo
20 Actinidia chinensis Kiwi
21 Adenanthera microsperma Saga Hutan
22 Adenium obesum Kamboja Jepang
23 Adenium sp Mochie
24 Adiatum sp Suplir
25 Aechmae Nanas Aechmae
26 Aechmea Aechmea
27 Aegle marmelos Maja
28 Aesculus hippocastanum Aesculus
29 Agaricus bisporus Jamur Champignon
30 Agaricus brunescens Jamur Kancing
31 Agathis alba Damar
32 Agave cantala Nenas Belanda
33 Agave sisalana Sisal
34 Ageratum Ageratum
35 Ageratum conyzoides Bandotan
36 Aglaia odorata Pacar Cina
37 Aglaonema commutatum Aglaonema Silver
38 Aglaonema sp Aglaonema
39 Aglaonema treubi Aglaonema Treubi
40 Agrocybe aegerita Jamur Matsutake
41 Agropiron Agropiron
42 Alamanda chatartica Alamanda
43 Albizia falcataria Sengon Laut
44 Albizzia lebbeck Tekik
45 Aleurites moluccana Kemiri
46 Aleurites trisperma Kemiri Cina
47 Alkpinia speciosa Kantan
48 Allium ascalonicum Bawang Merah
49 Allium cepa Bawang Bombay
50 Allium fistulosum Bawang Daun
51 Allium odorum Kucai
52 Allium porrum Bawang Prei
53 Allium sativum Bawang Putih
54 Allium schoenoprasum Bawang Lokio
55 Allium tuberosum Koo Chai
56 Alocasia indica Bira
57 Alocasia macrorhiza Sente
58 Aloe vera Lidah Buaya
59 Alphonso lavalle Anggur Bali
60 Alpinia malaccensis Langkuwas Malaka
61 Alstonia scholaris Pule
62 Alstroemeria Alstroemeria
63 Alternanthera ficoidea Krokot
64 Alternanthera sessilis Akar Rumput
65 Alternanthera sessilis Kremah
66 Altingia exelsa Norona Rasamala
67 Alyxia stellata Pulosari
68 Amaranthus hybridus Bayam Kakap
69 Amaranthus hybridus Bayam Raja
70 Amaranthus sp Bayam
71 Amaranthus spinosus Bayam Duri
72 Amaranthus tricolor Bayam Cabut
73 Amomum cardamomum Kapulaga
74 Amorphopalus bulbifer Surveg
75 Amorphopalus companulatus Suweg
76 Amorphopalus oncophyllus Iles iles
77 Amorphopalus titanum Bunga Bangkai
78 Anacardium ocidentale Jambu Mete
79 Anamirta coculus Oyod Peron
80 Ananas comosus Nanas
81 Ananas comosus Nanas Buah
Anaphalis sp Edelweis
Andrographis paniculata Sambiloto
Andropogon zizanioides Akar Wangi
Anisophyllea disticha Kayu Kancil
Annemon Annemon
Annemon coronaria Anemon Korona
Annona glabra Nona Sabrang
Annona muricata Sirsak
Annona reticulata Nona
Annona sp Nona
Annona squamosa Srikaya
Anonna atemoya Srikaya Australia
Anthemis nobilis Camomille
Anthurium adreanum Anthurium Flamingo
Anthurium crystallinum Anthurium Kuping gajah
Anthurium crystallinum Kuping Gajah (Anthurium)
Anthurium reneissance Anthurium Keris
Anthurium sp Anthurium
Antiaris toxicaria Pancar
Antidesma bunius Buni
Antirrhinum majus Bunga Mulut Naga
Apisditra elatior Apisditra
Apium graviolens Seledri
Aqethum grave Adas Sowa
Aquilaria malaccensis Gaharu
Arachis hypogaea Kacang Tanah
Arachnis flos-aeris Anggrek Kalajengking
Arandinaria japonica/Sasa fortunei Bambu Jepang Variegata
Araucaria canninghamii Damar Laki
Araucaria heterophylla Cemara Norfolk
Arcangelisca flava Tali Kuning
Ardisia irenata Mata Pelanduk
Areca catechu Pinang
Areca macrocalyx Pinang Hutan
Arenga obtusifolia Langkap
Arenga pinnata Aren
Argemone mexicana Jaruju
Artemisia vulgaris Jukut lokot mata
Artocarpus bornensis Tampang
Artocarpus champeden Cempedak
Artocarpus communis Sukun
Artocarpus elasticus Benda
Artocarpus elasticus Rumput Jampang
Artocarpus heterophyllus Nangka
Artocarpus kemando Pudu
Artocarpus rigida Kosar
Asparague officinalis Asparagus
Asplenium nidus Kadaka
Asplenium nidus Paku Sarang burung
Asplenium sp Kadaka tanduk menjangan
Aster novae-angeliae Aster
Atropha curcas Jaranan
Auricularia auricularia Jamur Kuping
Avena sativa Oat
Averrhoa bilimbi Belimbing wuluh
Averrhoa carambola Belimbing manis
Axonopus compresus Rumput Pait
Azadirachta indica Mimba
Azzola pinnata Apung
Baccaurca racemosa Kapundung
Baccaurea brevipes Mata ayam
Baccaurea reticulata Taban
Backea frutescens Jungrahab
Bambusa arundinacea Bambu Ori
Bambusa glaucescens Bambu Pagar
Bambusa horsfieldii Bambu Embong
Bambusa spinosa Bambu Duri
Bambusa ventricosa Bambu Gedang
Bambusa vulgaris Bambu Gading
Bambusa vulgaris Bambu Kuning
Bancudus latifolia Pace
Barringtonia asiatica Butun
Barringtonia asiatica Keben
Basella alba Bayam Srilangka
Basella rubra Gandola
Basilicum polystachyon Sangket
Bassia latifplia Basia
Bauhinia Pohon kupu-kupu
Bauhinia acuminata Pohon Kupu kupu
Bauhinia purpurea Bunga Kupu-Kupu
Bauhinia scandens Daun Lilin
Beaucarnea recurvata Nolina
Begonia glabra Begonia
Begonia semperflorens Begonia Florens
Bellis Belis
Benincasa hispida Bligo
Beta vulgaris Bit
Betula pendula Birch
Bidens Ambong-ambong
Bidens pilosa Ambong-ambong (Ketul)
Bidens pilosa Ketul (Ambong-ambong)
Biophytum sensitivum Ki payung
Bixa orellana Biksa (Gelinggem)
Bixa orellana Galinggem (Biksa)
Blumea balsamifera Sembung
Boehmeria nivea Rami
Boesenbergia pandurata Temu Kunci
Bomabaceae Bomaba
Bombax buonopozense Bombax
Bombaxma labaricum Randu alas
Borassus flabelifer Lontar
Borrago officinalis Borage
Bouea macrophylla Gandaria
Bougenvilia spectabilis Bougenville
Brachiaria sp Malela
Brachiaria sp Rumput Malela (Malela)
Brassica campestris Sawi Hijau
Brassica chinensis Petsai
Brassica juncea Sawi Putih
Brassica napus Kol rabi
Brassica napus var. napus Rape
Brassica oleracea var botrys Kubis Bunga
Brassica oleracea var capitata Kubis Krop
Brassica oleracea var italica Brokoli
Brassica oleraceae Kubis
Brassica rapa Turnip
Breynia discigera Hujan Panas
Bromeliad sp Bromeliad (nanas hias)
Bromus inermis Bromus
Brucea javanica Brucea
Bruguiera conyugata Bakau
Butea monosperma Palasa
Buxus sempervirens Buxus
Caesalpinia pulcherrima Bunga Merak
Caesalpinia sappan Secang
Cajanus cajan Kacang Gude
Caladium sp Keladi
Calamus caesius Rotan Sega
Calamus javensis Rotan Lilin
Calamus manan Rotan Manan
Calamus scipionum Simambu
Calamus trachycoleus Rotan Irit
Calathea makoyama Calathea Makoyama
Calathea picturata Calathea Argentea
Calathea princeps Calathea lurik
Calathea rosea-picta Calathea Mawar
Calathea sp Calathea (Pisang hias)
Calathea zebrina Calathea zebrina
Calceolaria Cenela
Calendula officinalis Calendula
Calliandra haematocephala Kaliandra
Callophyllum inophyllum Nyamplung
Calodendrum capanse Calodendrum
Calopogonium mucunoides Kacang Asu
Calotropis gigantea Widuri
Calvatia gigantia Jamur Bulat
Camellia japonica Kamelia
Camellia sinensis Teh
Canangium odoratum Kenanga
Canarium commune / C. Avenue Kenari
Canavalia gladiata Kacang Parang
Canavalis ensiformis Kacang Kara Pedang
Canna edulis Kana
Canna indica Ganyong Hutan (Kana)
Canna indica Kana (Ganyong hutan)
Cannabis sativa Ganja
Canthium dicoccum Kopi Utan
Capsicum annum Cabai
Capsicum annuum var Grossum Cabai Besar
Capsicum annuum var Grossum Paprika
Capsicum frutescens Cabai Rawit
Caragana arborescen Caragana
Carica papaya Pepaya
Carissa carandas Karandan
Carissa grandiflora Carissa
Carthamus tinctorius Bunga Pulu (Cartamus)
Carthamus tinctorius Cartamus ( Pulu)
Carus carvi Jintan
Carya illinoinensis Caria
Caryota Palem Ekor ikan
Caryota mitis Saray
Cassia Ketepeng Kebo
Cassia alata Ketepeng
Cassia angustifolia Sena
Cassia fistula Kayu Raja (Trangguli)
Cassia fistula Trangguli (Kayu Raja)
Cassia grandis Kotek
Cassia javanica Trengguli
Cassia multijuga Kasia
Cassia nodosa Pilin
Cassia occidentalis Kasingsat
Cassia siamena Johar
Cassia sp Akasia
Cassia surattensis Bunga Kuning
Cassytha filiformis Tali Putri
Castanea dentata Chesnut
Castanopsis argentea Berangan Duri
Castanopsis inermis Berangan
Casuarina cunninghamiana Cemara Pinus
Casuarina equisetifolia Cemara angin
Casuarina equisetifolia Cemara Embun
Casuarina equisetifolia Cemara Kipas
Casuarina equisetifolia Cemara Laut
Casuarina equisetifolia Cemara Putih
Casuarina equisetifolia Cemara Udang
Casuarina equisetifolia / Pinus longaeva/Pinus mercusii Pinus
Casuarina nodiflora Pohon Kasuwari
Cedrus Cedrus
Ceiba petandra Kapuk Randu
Ceiba petandra Randu
Celosia argentea Bayam Merah
Celosia cristata Jengger Ayam
Celtis wightii Kayu Tahi
Centella asiatica Pagagan
Centrosema plumieri Kacang Katropang
Centrosema pubescens Kibesin
Centuarea Centuri
Ceratoptaris thalictroides Pakis Rawa
Cerbera manghas Bintaro
Chaetocarpus castaneicarpus Batu
Chamaedorea elegans Palem Parlor (salon)
Cheilantes tennisfolia Resam lumut
Chemperela manillana Chemperai
Chenopodium Bieng-biengan
Chenopodium album Dieng Abang
Chicorium Chicorium
Chicorium endivia Andevi
Chloris barbata Rumput Jejarongan
Chloris gayana Gayana
Chlorophytum Lily Paris
Chrysalidocarpus Palem Kuning
Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium Piretrum
Chrysanthemum indicum Seruni
Chrysanthemum morifolium Krisan
Chrysophyllum Sawo hijau
Chrysophyllum cainito Kanitu
Chrysopogon aciculata Rumput Jarum
Cicer arietinum Kacang Keker
Cicoria Jombang
Cinchona pubeschens Kina
Cinnamomum burmani Kayu Manis
Cinnamomum burmani Manis Jangan
Cinnamomum camphora Kamper
Cinnamomum camphora Kapur Barus
Cinnamomum cassia Kayumanis Cina
Cinnamomum culilawan Lawang
Cinnamomum parthenoxylon Selasihan
Cinnamomum verum Kayu Manis
Cinnamomum zaylanicum Kayu Manis
Circium sp Circium
Cissus adnata Galing Kerbau
Citrulus vulgaris Semangka
Citrus Jeruk Keprok
Citrus aurantifolia Jeruk Nipis
Citrus deliciosa Jeruk Mandarin
Citrus hystrix Jeruk Purut
Citrus lemon Jeruk Lemon
Citrus medica Jeruk Sukade
Citrus microcarpa Limau Kasturi
Citrus mitis Jeruk Kesturi
Citrus nobilis var microcarpa Jeruk Siem
Citrus onshiu Jeruk Manis
Citrus sinensis Jeruk Manis
Citrus sp Jeruk
Citrus unshiu Jeruk Satsuma
Citrus x paradisi Jeruk Bali
Cleome speciosa Maman
Clerodendron calamitosum Bunga Bugang
Clerodendron paniculatum Bunga Pagoda
Clerodendron serratum Senggugu
Clerodendron thomsonae Nona Makan Sirih
Clinacanthus nutans Dandang Gendis
Clitoria cajanifolia Kacang-kacangan
Clitoria ternatea Telang
Cnidoscolus aconitifolus Chaya
Coccothrinax crintia Palem Janggut
Cocos nucifera Kelapa
Codiaeum Puring
Codiaeum variegatum Kroton
Codiaeum variegatum Puring
Codollam Bintaro
Coelogyne pandurata Anggrek Hitam
Coffea Kopi
Coffea arabica Kopi Arabica
Coix lacryma-jobi Jail
Cola acuminata Cola
Cola nitida Kola
Coleus Dilem
Coleus Iler
Coleus blumei Coleus
Coleus tuberosus Kentang Jawa
Colocasia esculenta Talas
Colocasia sp Kolokasia
Colophonium sp Gondorukem
Columnea hirta Columnea
Commelia banghalensis Gewor
Commersonia bartramia Blencong
Commiphora mirrha Myrrha
Concolida ambigua Concolida
Congea velutina Kongea
Conyza angustifolia Jabung
Coprinus comatus Jamur Paha Ayam
Corchorus capsularis Jelita
Corchorus olitorius Jute
Cordia dichotoma Kendal
Cordyline sp Cordyline
Cordyline sp Ganyong-ganyongan
Cordyline sp Hanjuang
Cordyline sp Rubra
Cordyline terminalis Alba Rosa
Cordyline terminalis Babydoll
Coriandrum sativum Ketumbar
Corya illinoensis Pecan
Corylus americana Hazelnut
Corypha spp Palem Gebang
Cosmos caudatus Kenikir
Crateva religiosa Sawo Duren
Cratoxylon arborescens Geronggang
Cratoxylon linguistrinum Beluchus
Crescentia cujete Berenuk
Crinum asiaticum Bakung
Crotalaria Orok orok
Crotalaria ferruginea Orok-orok
Croton argyratus Jahe
Croton liglium Kroton
Croton trigilum Ceroton
Croton triglium Cerakin
Cryptanthus acaulis Nanas Merah
Cryptanthus bivittatus Nanas Kuning
Cryptanthus bromeliodes Nanas Tricolour
Cryptanthus zonatus Nanas Lurik
Cryptanthus zonatus zebrinus Nanas zebra
Cryptotenea canadensis Cryptotenia
Cryptotenea jeponica Cryptotenia Jepang
Crytostachys lakka Pinang Raja
Cucumis melo Melon
Cucumis melo var cantalupensis Blewah
Cucumis sativus Mentimun
Cucumis sativus var Japonese Mentimun Jepang
Cucurbita moschata Labu Merah
Cucurbita moschatta Labu Jepang
Cucurbita pepo Labu Kuning
Cucurbita pepo Labu Manis
Cucurbita pepo Labu Sucini
Cucurbita spp Labu
Cullinaris Lentil
Cuminum cyminum Jintan Putih
Curculigo orchioides Congkok
Curcuma aeruginosa Temu Hitam
Curcuma domestica Kunyit
Curcuma heyneanae Temu Giring
Curcuma xanthorrhizae Temu Lawak
Curypha elata Gebang
Cycas revoluta Sikas
Cycas rumphii Pakis haji
Cyclamen Cyclamen
Cycles barbata Cincau
Cyclophorus numularifolius Picisan
Cymbopogon citratus Serai Wangi
Cymbopogon nardus Serei
Cynara scolimus Articoke
Cynodon dactylon Rumput Grinting
Cyperus longus Teki Laut
Cyperus papyrus Rumput Payung
Cyperus roduntus Teki
Cyphomandra betacea Terung Belanda
Cypripedium chamberlalianum Anggrek Kasut Kumis
Cyrtostachys lakka Palem Merah
Dacrydium elatum Melur
Dahlia pinata Dahlia
Dalbergia latifolia Sono
Dalbergia pinnata Sono Keling
Datura metel Kecubung
Daucus carota Wortel
Dedrobium sp Anggrek Dendro
Delonix regia Flamboyan
Delpinium sp Delpinium
Dendranthema Dendranthema
Dendrobium anosum Anggrek Mata Sapi
Dendrobium crumenatum Anggrek Dendro Merpati
Dendrobium phalaenopsis Anggrek Dendro Larat
Dendrobium purpureum Anggrek Dendro Sumba
Dendrobium veratroides Anggrek Dendro Rusa
Dendrocalamus asper Bambu Betung
Dendrocalamus strictus Bambu Batu
Dendrophthoe patandra Benalu The/The Hijau
Dendrophthoe sp Benalu
Derris eliptica Tuba
Desmodium Lintahan
Desmodium triflorum Sisik Betok
Desmodium triquetrum Congcorang
Desmodium umbellatum Capayan
Diaffenbachia Diaffenbachia (Sri Rejeki)
Diaffenbachia Rumput Dum
Diaffenbachia Sri Rejeki
Diaffenbachia amoena Diaffen Amuna
Diaffenbachia arvida Diaffen Arvida
Diaffenbachia camilla Diaffen Camilla
Diaffenbachia maculata Diaffen Maculata
Diaffenbachia marianne Diaffen Laut
Diaffenbachia tropic show Diaffen Tropis
Dialium indum Keranji
Dianthus caryophyllus Anyelir
Dichroa febrifuga Gigil
Digitalis purpurea Digitalis
Digitaria adscendens Cakar Ayam
Digitaria sanguinalis Genjoran
Digitaria sp Rumput Jampang
Dillenia exelsa Sempur
Dillenia indica Sempur Cai
Dillenia Pentagyna San chang
Dinochloa scandens Bambu Cangkoreh
Dioscorea aculeata Gembili
Dioscorea alata Ubi kelapa
Dioscorea composita Gadung
Dioscorea hispida Gadung
Diospyros kaki Kesemek
Diospyros lotus Kesemek
Diospyros malabarica Komoi
Diospyros phillippinensis Buah Mentega
Dischidia pectinoides Kantung Rezeki
Dolichandrone spathacea Kayu Jaran
Dolichos lablab Kacang Jeriji
Dollchos lablab Kacang Kara Kerupuk
Dracaena Bambu Rejeki
Dracaena compacta Dracaena Compacta
Dracaena deremensis Dracaena Warneckii
Dracaena draco Pandan Bali
Dracaena fragrans Dracaena Fragrans (Hanjuang)
Dracaena fragrans Hanjuang
Dracaena godseffiana Dracaena Florida
Dracaena sanderiana Dracaena Sanderiana
Dracaena sp Dracaena
Dracaena surculosa Dracaena Surculosa
Drosera sp Bunga embun
Drosera sp Drosera (Bunga embun)
Drymaria cordata Jukut ibun
Drymoglosum piloselloides Sisik Naga
Drynaria quersifolia Daun Kepala tupai
Drynaria rigidula Pasilan Kalapa
Dryobalanops Bengkirai
Dryobalanops camphora Kapur
Duabanga molucana Benuang
Durio kutejensis Durian Hutan
Durio zibethinus Durian
Dyera costulata Jelutung
Echinochloa sp Rumput Bebek
Eclipta alba Urang-aring
Eichornia crassipes Enceng gondok
Elaeagnus angustifolia Eleagnus
Elaeis guineensis Kelapa Sawit
Elaeocarpus glandiflorus Anyang-anyang
Elaeocarpus oxypyrena Jenitri
Elaeocarpus petiolatus Pinang Punai
Elephantopus scaber Tapak Liman
Elettaria cardomomum Kapulaga Sabrang
Eleusine indica Jampang (Rumput belulang)
Eleusine indica Rumput Belulang (Jampang)
Elletaria cardamomum Elletaria
Eluisine coracana Jaba
Embalia ribes Burm Akar Kelimpar
Endospermum malaccense Bulan bulan
Endospermum malaccense Pohon Bulan
Enhalus acoroides Sumatera Sentul
Entada phaseoloides Gandu
Enterolobium cyclocarpum Sengon Buto
Epiphyllum oxypetalum Wijayakusuma
Equisetum hyemale Paku Ekor Kuda
Eria albido tomentosa Anggrek Eria Konde
Eria compressa Anggrek Eria Rotan
Eria flvascen Anggrek Eria Mawar
Eria hyachintoides Anggrek Eria Lili
Eria hyachintoides Anggrek Eria Lily
Eria javanica Anggrek Eria Kancil
Erigeron Erigeron
Eriobotryya japonico Lokwat
Eritia sp Hokian Tea
Ervatamia coronaria Bunga Susu
Eryngium foetidum Ketumbar Jawa
Erythrina Dadap
Erythrina crista-galli Dadap Merah
Erythrina fusca Cangkring
Erythrina lithosperma Dadap Serep
Erythrina subumbrans Erythrina subumbrans
Erythrina variegata Dadap Varigata
Erythroxylon cuneatum Mutoh
Erythroxylon nova granatense Coca jawa
Eucalyptus globulus Kayu Putih
Euchresta horsfieldii Pronojiwo
Eugenia aperculata Salam
Eugenia aquea Jambu ayer
Eugenia aromatica Cengkeh
Eugenia claviflora Jambu arang
Eugenia cumini Jamblang putih
Eugenia cymosa Mengkelingan
Eugenia densiflora Jambu klampoh
Eugenia dombeyi Kumkwat
Eugenia jambos Jambu mawar
Eugenia javanica Jambu selong
Eugenia uniflora Asam Selong
Eupatorium triplinerve Prasman
Euphorbia Euphorbia
Euphorbia antiquorum Sesudu
Euphorbia hirta Patikan Kebo
Euphorbia pulcherima Kastuba
Euphorbia tirucali Kayu Hurip
Eurycoma longifolia Pasak Bumi
Eusideroxylon zwageri Besi
Eustoma grandiflorum Eusttoma
Excoecaria agalocha Buta
Fagaceae Fagace
Fagraea racenosa Kopi Hutan
Feroniella elephantum Kawista
Ficus ampelas Hampelas
Ficus benyamina Beringin
Ficus coreana Beringin Korea
Ficus deltoidea Tabat Barita
Ficus elastica Burgundi
Ficus elastica Karet India
Ficus elastica Karet Kebo
Ficus glabela Bunut
Ficus hispida Luwing
Ficus microcarpa Beringin Kimeng
Ficus pumnila Ara
Ficus racemosa Lowa
Ficus religiosa Bodi
Ficus retusa Beringin Karet
Ficus rumphii Bodi
Ficus septica Awar awar
Ficus variegata Gondang
Firmiana affinis Tempayang
Fistuca arundinaceae Fistuca
Fittonia Mosaik
Flacourtia indica Rukem
Flammunila velutipes Jamur Enokitake
Flueggia virosa Beti Ayer
Foeniculum vulgare Adas
Foffea malayana Kopi Hutan
Fragaria Abei
Fragaria vesca Stroberi
Fraxinus americana Fraxinus
Fuchsia Anting-anting
Gaillardia Gailardia
Galinsoga parviflora Jukut saminggu (Mondreng)
Galinsoga parviflora Mondreng (Jukut saminggu)
Ganoderma lucidum Ganoderma
Garcinia atroviridis Asam Gelugur
Garcinia bancana Katuri
Garcinia celebica Bruas
Garcinia dioica Ceuri
Garcinia dioica Kandis
Garcinia dulcis Mundu
Garcinia forbesii Mundar
Garcinia griffithii Kandis Gajah
Garcinia mangostama Manggis
Garcinia parvifolia Kandis Burung
Gardenia jasminoides Kaca Piring
Gasteria Gasteria
Gaultheria leucocarpa Gandapura
Gazania Gazania
Gelsemium sempervirens Melati Carolina
Geraniaceae Geraniacea
Gerbera jamesonii Gerbera
Gigantochloa apus Bambu Apus
Gigantochloa atter Bambu Ater
Gigantochloa atter Bambu Ater
Gigantochloa verticillata Bambu Gombong
Gironniera parviifolia Medang Kurusi
Gladiol spp Gladiol
Gladiolus gandavensis Gladiol
Glochideon laevigatum Senkam
Glochidion littoral Dempul lelet
Glochidion molle Katumbul
Glochidion obscurum Dulang-dulang
Glochidion rubrum Dempul
Gloriosa superba Sungsang
Gluta renghas Renghas
Glycine max Kacang Kedelai
Glycine soja Kacang Bulu
Glycosmis cochin-chinensis Jerukan
Glycynnhiza glabra Kayu Manis
Glyricidia sepium Gamal
Gmelina Gembilina
Gmelina arborea Gmelina
Gmelina elliptica Wareng
Gmelina philiappensis Bulangan
Gnetum gnemon Melinjo
Gomphrena globosa Adas-adasan
Gossypium hirsutum Kapas
gracilaria sp Rumput Laut
Gramatophyllum sp Anggrek Macan
Gramatophyllum speciosum Anggrek Tebu
Graptophylum pictum Daun Ungu
Graptophylum pictum Handeuleum
Gravillea robusta Gravillea
Grevillea robusta Salamandar
Grifola frondosa Jamur Maitake
Guazuma ulmifolia Jati Belanda
Guettarda speciosa Selar makan
Gunnera macrophylla Teratai Gunung
Gynotroches axillaris Kukuron
Gynura procumbens Daun Dewa
Gynura segetum Dewa
Gypsophila Gypsophila
Havea brasiliensis Karet
Haworthia sp Haworthia
Hedychium coronarium Gandasuli
Hedyotis corymbosa Rumput Mutiara
Helianthus anuus Bunga Matahari
Heliconia psittacorum Helikonia
Helicteres hirsuta Lelet
Helicteres isora Kayu Ules
Heliotropium indicum Sangketan
Helitiera littoralis Cerlang laut
Hemigraphis alternata Remek Daging
Hernandia ovigera Bengkak
Hernandia peltata Kemiren
Hernandia peltata Nampis (Kampis)
Hibiscus canabinus Henep
Hibiscus cannabinus Kenaf
Hibiscus mutabilis Waru landak
Hibiscus rosa sinensis Bunga Sepatu
Hibiscus sabdariffa Rosela
Hibiscus tiliaceus Waru
Hodgsonia macrocarpa Akar Kepayang
Homerocallis sp Lily
Homonoia riparia Sangkir
Hordeum vulgare Hordeum
Horsfieldia irya Kayu Rah
Hoya carnosa Bunga Lilin
Hoya latifolia Kapalan
Humulus lupulus Hop
Hura crepitans Ki semir
Hyacinthus sp Hyacinthus
Hydrangea macrophylla Bunga Bokor
Hydrila verticillata Hidrila
Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Semanggi
Hylocereus undatus Dragon Fruit
Impatiens balsamina Pacar air
Impatients walleriana Pacar Air
Imperata cylindrica Alang-alang
Indigofera hendecaphylla Nila
Indigofera suffruticosa Tarum
Inocarpus edulis Gayam
Intsia amboinensis Merbau
Ipomoea aquatica Kangkung
Ipomoea batata Ubi Jalar
Ipomoea pes-tigridis Gamet
Irema orientalis Anggrung
Iresine Miyana
Iris germanica Iris
Isoptera borneensis Tangkalak terindak
Ixora paludosa Soka
Jacaranda aculifolia Jacaranda
Jacaranda filicifolia Jambul merak
Jacquemontia tamnifolia Jacquemontia tamnifolia
Jasminum multiflorum Poncosudo
Jasminum sambac Melati
Jatropa curcas Jarak Pagar
Jatropa gossypifolia Jarak landi
Jatropha multifida Jarak Pagar (Iri)
Juglans Walnut
Juglans aquatica Walnut Aquatica
Juglans cinerea Walnut Cinerea
Juglans cinerea White Walnut
Juglans major Walnut Mayor
Juglans nigra Walnut Hitam
Juglans regia Walnut Inggris
Julans spp Julans
Juncus Juncus
Juniperus chinensis Cemara Pua Pua
Juniperus rigida Cemara Duri
Justicia gendarussa / Gendarusa vulgaris Gandarusa
Kaempferia angustifolia Kunci Pepet
Kaempferia galanga Kencur
Kaempferia rotundra Temu Putih
Kalanchoe blossfeldiana Cocor Bebek
Kalanchoe pinnata Sosor Bebek
Kibatalia arborea Kayu Santan
Kleinhovia hospita Katimaga
Knema intermedia Kayu Simpai
Lablab niger Kacang (Ginjal) Mesir
Lactuca indica Lampenas
Lactuca sativa Selada
Lagenaria leucantha Labu Putih
Lagenaria vulgaris Labu Botol
Lagerstroemia Bungur Jepang
Lagerstroemia indica Bungur Besar
Languas galanga Lengkuas
Lannea grandis Kayu Palembang
Lansium domesticum Duku
Lansonia inermis Inai batang
Lantana camara Lantana
Lantana tamara Bunga Tahi Ayam
Laportea stimulans Pulus
Lathyrus sativus Lathyrus
Laurus nobilis Asiri
Laurus nobilis Bay
Lavandula angustifolia Lavender
Lawsonia inermis Pacar Jawa
Leea rubra Girang
Leersia hexandra Kalamenta
Lentinus edodes Jamur Shiitake
Lepidium sp Lepidium
Leptaspis urceolata Rumput Babi
Leucaena leucephala Lamtoro Gung
Leucaena leucephala Petai Cina
Leucas lavandulaefolia Daun Setan
Licuala mattanensis Palem Loreng
Limnocharis flava Genjer
Linaria Ivy
Lindsaea scandens Paku bening
Linum usitatissimum Flax
Litsea cubeba Lemo
Litsea sebifera Tangkalak
Livistona chinensis Palem Kipas
Lodoicea maldivica Nyiur
Lonicera tatarica Lonicera
Luffa acutangula Gambas
Luffa cylindrica Blestru
Lupinus Lupin
Lycium Lycium
Lycopersicon esculentum Tomat
Lythrum salicaria Lythrum salicaria
Macadamia antegrofolia Makadamia
Macaranga javanica Mahang
Macaranga tanarius Mara
Macrotyloma Macrotylama
Madhuca cuneata Mayang Batu
Madhuca mottleyana Ketiau
Madhuca utilis Seminai
Mallotus paniculate Balam Merah
Mallotus philippinensis Meyong
Malphigia coccifera Mirten
Malpighia punicifolia Malpighia
Malus silveltris Apel
Malva Kapas-kapasan
Mangifera caesia Binjai
Mangifera foetida Bacang
Mangifera indica Mangga
Mangifera indica Mempelam
Mangifera odorata Kwini
Manihot esculenta Ubi Kayu
Manihot glaziovii Singkong Karet
Manihot utilisima Ubi Kayu
Manilkara kauki/ M. Achras Sawo Kecik
Maniltoa grandiflora Bunga Saputangan
Maoutia diversifolia Orang-aring
Maranta Maranta (Garut hias)
Maranta bicolor Garut-garutan
Maranta leuconeura Maranta Merah
Marantha arundacea Garut
Massoia aromatica Mesoyi
Matricaria Chamomilla Teh Kembang
Medicago falcata Alvalva Kuning
Medicago sativa Alvalva
Medinilla magnifica Medinilla
Melaleuca leucadendron Kayu Putih
Melastoma affine Harendong
Melastoma malabathricum Sendudok
Melia azedarach Mindi
Melia indica Sadu
Melochia umbellata Jubut
Mentha arvensis Poko
Mentha piperita Mentol
Mentha piperita Mint
Mentha spicata Poko
Merremia mammosa Bidara Upas
Merremia peltata Akar Sambang
Merremia umbellata Akar Slemang
Mesua ferea Pena Nagasari
Mesua nagassarium Nagasari
Metreoxylon rumphii Rumbia
Metroxylon sago Sagu
Michelia alba Cempaka putih
Michelia champaca Kantil
Milletia sericea Areuy kawao
Millettia atropurpurea Kayu Ujan
Mimosa Putri Malu
Mimosa invisa Rebah Bangun
Mimosa pudica Putri Malu
Mimosops elengi Tanjung
Mirabilis jalapa Bunga Pukul Empat
Mitragyna speciosa Kutum
Momordica charantia Pare
Monochoria hastata Wewean
Monstera deliciosa Monstera
Monstera deliciosa Philo Daun Belah (Monesterea)
Monstera obliqua expilata Philo Daun Bolong
Morinda citrifolia Mengkudu
Moringa oleifera Kelor
Morus alba Murbei
Mucuna beneetti Bunga Lampion Irian
Mucuna pruriens Kacang Kara benguk
Muehlenbeckia platyclada Kismis
Muntingia calabura Talok
Murraya calocylon Kumuning gajah
Murraya paniculata Kemuning
Musa acuminta Pisang Utan
Musa nana Pisang Badak
Musa paradisiaca Pisang
Musa spp Pisang
Musa textilis Pisang Serat
Musa x paradisiaca Pisang Kapok
Mussaenda phillipica Mussaenda
Mussaenda phillipica Nusa Indah (Musaenda)
Myciarfa cauliflora Jaboticaba
Myoporum Myoporum
Myosotis Myosotis
Myristica fragrans Pala
Myrmecodia sp Sarang Semut
Myrmecodia tuberosa Sarang Semut Irian
Myrtaceae Jambu-jambuan
Nama Latin Nama Umum
Nandina domestica Nandina
Nasturtium indicum Sawi Tanah
Nasturtium officinale Salada Air
Nauclea cadamba Kelempayang
Nauclea subdita Gedembah
Neliumbium nucifera Teratai
Nelumbo pentapetala Lotus
Neoregelia Nanas Nerogelia
Nephelium lappaceum Pulasan
Nephelium lappaceum Rambutan
Nephelium litchi / Lichi chinensis Leci
Nephelium longanum / Dimocarpus longan Klengkeng
Nephelium mutabile Kapulasan
Nephelium sp Namnam
Nephentes raflesia Kantung Semar Raflesia
Nephentes reinwart Kantung Semar Reinwart
Nephentes sp Kantung Semar
Nephrolepis exaltata Paku Pakis Kelabang
Nerium indicum Jepun
Nerium oleamder Aleander
Nicandra physalodes Nandina
Nicolaia speciosa Kecombrang / Honje
Nicotiana tabacum Tembakau
Nigella sativa Jintan hitam
Nipa fruticans Nipah
Noeregelia spectabilis Nanas Kuku jari merah
Nothopanax scutellarium Mangkokan
Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Srigading
Ocimum basilicum Kemangi
Ocimum gratissimum Kemangi Besar
Ocimum sanctum Lateng
Ocimum sanctum Ruku-ruku
Oenanthe linearis Mitshuba
Olea europea Zaitun
Oleaceae Oleaceae
Oncidium sp Anggrek Oncidium
Oncosperma horidum Bayas
Ophiopogon japonicus Opiopogon
Opuntia spp Kaktus
Orcidaceae Anggrek
Oriza sp Beras
Orthosiphon aristatus Kumis Kucing
Orthosiphon stamineus Kumis Kucing
Oryza glutinosa Padi Ketan
Oryza sativa Padi
Ottelia alismoides Cowehan
Oxalis corniculata Calincing
Pachira aquatica Pachira
Pachyrrhizus erosus Bengkuang
Paedaria foetida Sembukan
Palaquium lobbianum Lobi-lobi
Palaquium obovatum Belian Wangi
Palaquium obovatum Mayang Wangi
Palaquium qutta Balam
Palaquium rostratum Balam Merah
Palmae Palma
Palntago mayor Sendokan
Panax ginseng Ginseng Korea
Pandanus Pandan
Pandanus amaryllfolium Pandan Wangi
Pandanus conoideus Buah Merah
Pandanus tectorius Pandan Pudak
Panicum maximum Rumput Benggala
Panicum maximum Rumput Panicum
Panicum repens Rumbut Balungan
Papaver semmiferum Candu
Paphiopedilum glaucophyllum Anggrek Kasut Berbulu
Paphiopedilum javanicum Anggrek Kasut Hijau
Paphiopedilum lowii Anggrek Kasut Belang
Paphiopedilum sp Anggrek Kasut
Paphiopedilum tonsum Anggrek Kasut Pita
Parameria laervigata Kayu Rapet
Parkia roxburghii Kedawung
Parkia speciosa Petai
Parthenium argentatum Pathenium argentatum
Parthenocissus spp Parthenocissus
Paspalaum conyugatum Rumput Kerbau
Paspalum Rumput Paspalum
Paspalum dilatatum Rumput Australi
Paspalum scrobiculatum Jaringan
Paspalum vaginatum Rumput Asinan
Passiflora edulis Markisa (Buah monyet)
Passiflora foetida Permot
Passiflora laurifolia Buwah Susu
Passiflora mollissima Markisa Pisang
Passiflora quadrangularis Markisa Sayur
Passiflora quandrangularis Erbis
Pastinaca sativa Parsnip
Pavetta subvelutina Jarum-jarum
Pedilanthus Pedilantus
Pelargonium Rumput Pelargoni (Pelargoni)
Pelargonium graviolens Geranium
Pelargonium radula Ambra
Pelargonium radula Daun ambra
Pelargonum domesticum Pelargoni
Penisetum purpureum Rumput Gajah
Pennisetum glaucum Rumput Bajra
Pennisetum purpureum Rumput Bajra
Pentapetes phoenicea Bunga tengah hari
Pentaspadon officinalis Pelong
Peperomia elusiaefolia Peperomia ekor tikus
Peperomia obtusifolia Peperomia
Pericamphylus glaucus Akar Gomet
Perilla frutescens Perilla
Persea americana Alpukat
Petroselinum crispum Peterseli
Petroselinum sativum Parsley (Peterseli)
Pettophorum inerme Soga
Petunia hybrid Petunia
Phajus callosus Anggrek Tanah Coklat
Phajus flavus Anggrek Tanah Kuning
Phajus tankervilliae Anggrek Tanah Apuy
Phalaenopsis amabilis Anggrek Bulan
Phalaris arundinacea Kalamenjana
Phaseolus aureus Kacang Hijau
Phaseolus lunatus Kacang Koro kratok
Phaseolus lunatus Kacang Roway
Phaseolus mungo Kacang Hijau India
Phaseolus pubescens Kacang Ruji
Phaseolus sp Kacang Koro
Phaseolus trilobus Kacang Kate
Phaseolus vulgaris Kacang Buncis
Phelum pratense Phelum
Phemna microphylia Sancang
Phempis acidula Santigi
Philadelphus Philadelphus
Philodendron lynette Philo Lynette
Philodendron rubrum Philodendron Rubrum
Philodendron sp Philo Redwing
Phlox sp Phlox
Phoenix Palem Phoenix
Phoenix canariensis Kurma canary
Phoenix dactylifera Kurma
Phoenix reclimata Palem Senegal
Phoilodendron sp Philodendron
Pholidota imbricata Anggrek Kepang
Phragmites karka Palungpung
Phyllanthus emblica Kemloko
Phyllanthus niruri Meniran
Phyllostachys puberuka Bambu Wulung
Phyllostachys sp Bambu Cendani
Phyllostachys sulphurea Bambu Kuning
Physalis minima / Phycalis peruviana Ceplukan
Picria fel-terrae Kukurang
Pilea cadierei Aluminium kadri
Pilea microphyla Katumpangan
Pilea sp Pilea
Pimpinella alpina Purwoceng
Pimpinella anisum Jintan
Piper aduncun Gedebong
Piper Betle Sirih
Piper crocatum Sirih merah
Piper cubeba Kemukus
Piper miniatum Sireh Ayer
Piper nigrum Lada
Piper retrofractum Cabe Jawa
Piper retrofractum Lada Panjang
Piper sarmentosum Karuk
Pisonia alba Kol Banda
Pisonia sylvestris Sawo Putih Pulu
Pistacia vera Pistachio
Pistia stratiotes Kayu Apu
Pistia stratiotes Selada Air
Pisum sativum Kacang Kapri
Pithecelobium jiringa Jengkol
Pithecolobium dulce Asam Londo
Pittosporum Pittosporum
Pittosporum ferrugneum Kecombrangan
Plantago sp Plantago
Platicerium sp Simbar Menjangan
Platycladus orientalis Platycladus orientalis
Plectocomia elongata Rotan Tikus
Plectranthus amboinicus Jintan
Pleomele Song of India
Pleomele angustifolia Suji
Pleurotus ostreatus Jamur Tiram
Ploiarum alterniflorum Beriang
Pluchea indica Beluntas
Plumbago Plumbago
Plumeria obtusa Kamboja Putih
Poa annua Rumput air
Poa prasentis Poa
Podocarpus imbricatus Jamuju
Pogonantherum paniceum Pring-pringan
Pogostemon cablin Nilam
Pogostemon cablin Nilam Aceh
Pogostemon heyncanus Nilam Bunga
Pogostemon hortensis Nilam Jawa
Polianthes tuberose Sedap Malam
Poliypodium feei Akar Naga
Polygonum hidropiper Cabe Puyang
Polyscias fruticosa Kedondong laut
Pongamia pinnata Kacang Kayu Laut
Populus Populus
Porarna volubilis Bidasari
Portulaca grandiflora Portulaka
Portulaca oleracea Krokot
Primula obconica Primula
Procopis chilensis Prosopis
Procopis juliflora Procopis
Protium javanicum Trenggulum
Prunus avium Cherry
Prunus domesticum Plam
Prunus dulcis Almond
Prunus mume Aprikot
Prunus persica Persik
Pseuderanthemum diversifolium Demung
Pseudotsuga menziesii Pseudotsuga
Psidium guajava Jambu Biji
Psidium pumilum Jambu biji kecil
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Kecipir
Pterocarpus indica Angsana
Pterospermum javanicum Bayur
Ptychosperma macarthurii Palem Jepang
Pueraria phaseoloides Kacang Ruji
Punica granatum Delima Putih
Punica nana Delima Merah
Punica sp Delima
Pyracantha coccinea Pyracantha
Pyrethrum spp Pyrethrum
Pyrus communis Pir
Quercus conocarpa Pasang Iyang
Quercus cyclophora Pasang Simpenu
Quercus lusitanica Majakane
Quisqualis indica Bidani
Rafflesia arnoldi Raflesia
Rafflesia patma Bunga Patma
Randia macrophylla Randa
Randia spinosa Timun Tahil
Raphanus sativus Lobak
Ravenala madagascariensis Pisang Kipas
Rawvolfia serpentina Pule Pandak
Rhadamnia cinerea Andong
Rhapis excelsa Palem Weregu
Rheum sp Klembak
Rhinacanthus nasutus Terebak
Rhinchostylis retusa Anggrek Buntut Bajing
Rhinchostylis retusa Anggrek Ekor Tupai
Rhododendrum sp Azela (rumput azela)
Rhoeo Lily Kradelbut
Rhus continus Jung Pandas
Rhynchelytrum rapens Rhynchelytrum rapens
Rhynchelytrum roseum Rumput Natal
Ribes Ribes
Ricinus communis Jarak China (Kepyar)
Rohododendron Rhododendron
Rollinia mucosa Rollinia mucosa
Rorripa nasturtium Slada Air
Rosa sp Mawar
Rubia cordifolia Lidah Ayam
Rubiaceae Rubi
Rubus moluccanus Hareneus
Rubus spp Prambos
Rudbeckia laciniata Rudbeckia laciniata
Ruta angustifolia Ingu
Ruta graviolens Ruta
Saccharum officinale Tebu
Saccharum officinarum Glagah
Saccharum spontaneum Kaso
Sacifraga sarmentosa Kuping Macan
Salacca edulis Salak
Salix sp Salix
Salix tetrasperma Dalu dalu
Salvia Nanas Wangi
Samadera indica Gatep
Samadera indica Salangi
Samanea saman Trembesi
Sambucus javanica Sangitan
Sambucus nigra Elder
Sandoricum kcetjapie Kecapi
Sansevieria cylindrica Sansevieria Silindris
Sansevieria trifasciata Sansevieria Lidah mertua
Santalum album Cendana
Sapindus rarak Lerak
Sapium baccatum Maya-maya
Saraca indica Saraka
Saraca thaipingensis Tanglin
Sauropus androginus Katuk
Scabiosa atropurpurea Scabiosa
Scaevolia frutescens Subeng-subeng
Schefflera actinophylla Walisongo
Schefflera variegata Walisongo varigata
Scheichera oleosa Kesambi
Scheichera trijuga Kesambi
Schima wallichii Bunga Cangkak
Schizaea dichotoma Rumput Bulu Merak
Schizostachym caudatum Bambu Bangkok
Schizostachyum blumei Bambu Tamiang
Schizostachyum mosum Bambu Wuluh
Schizostachyum silicatum/Bambusa jacobsii Bambu Suling
Schizostachyum zollingeri Bambu Botol
Schizostachyum zollingeri Bambu Telur
Sciadopitys verticillata Sciadopitys
Scilla Skila
Scindapsus Sirih Belanda
Scinus molle Kawista
Scoparia dulcis Ginje menir
Scorzonera hispanica Scorzonera hispanica
Secale cereale Gandum hitam
Sechium edule Labu Siam
Sedum morgalnianum Sedum
Sedum spectabile Ekor Keledai
Senecio cruentus Senecio
Sequoia sempervirens Sequen
Serealea Padi-padian
Sericocalyx crispus Kejibeling
Serissa foetida Serisa
Sesamum indicum Wijen
Sesbania grandiflora Turi
Sesbania sesban Jayanti
Sesuvium portulacastrum Gelang Laut
Setaria italica Jawawut
Seteria qlaucea Seteria
Shorea sp Meranti
Shorea stenoptera Tengkawang tungkil
Sida rhombifolia / S retusa Sidaguri
Simmundsia californica Jojoba
Sinapsis alba Sinapsis
Sindora javanica Sindur
Sindora sumatrana Sapratu
Sinningia speciosa Bunga Negro
Smallanthus sonchifolius Yakon
Smilax china Gadung China
Solanum macrocarpon Terung Cina
Solanum mammosum Terung Susu
Solanum melongena var Esculentum Terung Jepang
Solanum melongenae Terong
Solanum nigrum Ranti
Solanum quitoense Terong kuning
Solanum torvum Pokak
Solanum tuberosum Kentang
Solidago canadanensis Solidago
Sonchus arvensis Tempuyung
Sophora tomentosa Kayu Penawar
Sorbus americana Sorbus
Sorghum halepense Cantel
Sorgum bicolor Sorgum
Sorgum halepense Sorgum
Spandias mombin Kedondong
Spandias pinnata Kedondong
Spartium junceum Spartium junceum
Spathiphylum sp Spathiphyllum
Spathodea campanulata Tulip
Spathoglottis aurea Anggrek Tanah
Spergula arvensis Damar waja
Spilanthes iabadicensis Legatan
Spinacea oleracea Horenzo
Spinacia oleracea Spinacia oleracea
Spinifex littoreus Rumput Angin
Spiraeae vanhouttei Spiraeae
Spnacia oleracea Bayam Eropa
Spondias dulcis Kedondong Bangkok
Spondias purpurea Kedondong Cina
Sporobolus barteroanus Jukut Nyenyerean
Stachitarpheta indica Pecut Kuda
Stachytarpheta mutabilis Jarongan
Stapelia Stapelia
Stelechocarpus burahol Kepel
Stephanotis floribunda Stefanot Putih
Sterculia foetida Jangkang
Sterculia urceolata Jebung
Sterculiafoetida Kepuh
Streblus asper Serut
Streblus ilicifollus Merliman
Styrax officinalis Kemenyan
Swietenia mahagoni Mahoni
Symphytum officinale Komfrey
Syngonium Kupu putih
Synsepalum dulcificum Buah Ajaib
Synsepalum dulcificum Miracle
Syzygium aqueum Jambu Air
Syzygium malasccense Jambu bol
Syzygium polycephalim Kupa
Syzygium semarangense Jambu Air manis
Tacca leontopetaloides Kecondang
Tacca palmata Iles iles
Tagetes Bunga Tahi Ayam
Tagetes erecta Tagetes (telekan)
Tagetes patula Kenikir
Tagetes patula Telekan (tagetes)
Talinum paniculatum Kolesom
Talinum triangulare Ginseng Jawa/Talesom
Tamarindus indica Asam Jawa
Tectona grandis Jati
Telosma cordata Tongkeng
Terminalia catapa Ketapang
Terminalia citrina Maja Keling
Terminalia pyrifolia Mentalun
Tetracera indica Merr Areuy ki asahan
Tetragonia expansa Bayam Selandia Baru
Thalia dealbata Kana Air
Thebroma cacao Kakao
Themeda arguens Jukut Jurig
Theobroma cacao Coklat
Thespesia populnea Baru Laut
Thriphasia aurantifolia Jeruk Kingkit
Thymus vulgaris Thyme
Tinospora tuberculata Brotowali
Tithonia diversifolia Ki pait
Toddalisa asiatica Akar Kucing
Toona sureni Suren
Trema virgata Menarong
Trevesia chelrantha Tapak Hantu
Trichosanthes anguina Pare welut
Trichosanthes cucumerina Pare Ular
Triticum aestivum Gandum
Typha latifolia Ekor Kucing
Uncaria gambir Gambir
Vaccinium spp Blueberry
Vanda Anggrek Vanda
Vanilla planifolia Panili
Vernonia amygdalina Daun Pahit
Vernonia anthelmintica Kursani
Vernonia arborea Sembung Gilang
Vicia faba Kacang Babi
Victoria amazonia Teratai Raksasa
Vigna mungo Kacang
Vigna radiata Kacang Hijau
Vigna sesquipedalis Asparagus
Vigna sinensis Kacang Panjang
Vigna sp Kacang-kacangan
Vigna umbellata Kacang Merah
Vigna unguiculata Kacang Tunggak
Vinca rosea Tapak Dara
Viola odorata Violet (Bunga)
Violces Violet
Vitex trifoliata Legundi
Vitis labrusca Anggur Amerika Selatan
Vitis trifolia Galing
Vitis vinifera Anggur
Vitis vinifera Anggur Merah
Voandzeia subterranea Kacang Bogor
Volvariella volvacea Jamur Merang
Vriesea Nanas Vriesea
Wrightia religiosa Anting Putri
Xanthophyllum lanceatum Siur
Xanthosmoma sagittifolium Bentoel Daun
Ximenia americana Bidara Laut
Yucca aloifolia Yuka
Zapota Sawo
Zea mays Jagung
Zebrina pendula Rumput Belang
Zebrina pendula / Cyanotis vittata
Zebrina
Zephyranthes spp Bawang-bawangan
Zingiber aromaticum Lempuyang
Zingiber cassummunar / Z. Montanum Bengle
Zingiber officinale Jahe
Zingiber ottensii Bengle Hantu
Zingiber zerumbet Lempuyang
Zinia elegan Bunga Kertas
Zizypus jujuba Bidara

Perumahan Taman Pesona Bangka Blok P.No12 Sungailiat Bangka Prov.Kepulauan Babel
Di SMA Negeri 1 Riau Silip Kabupaten Bangka

asmar abdullah,S.Pd GURU INDONESIA

keberhasilan siswa adalah keberhasilan guru namun sebaliknya kegagalan
siswa berarti kegagalan guru

desa tiowor kec,kao teluk kabupaten halmahera utara
smk pertambangan gosowong

AHMADI,M.Pd.I GURU INDONESIA

Kita hidup di planet biru/bumi yang mempunyai dua kutub utara dan
selatan didalamnya ada magnet yang berperan sebagai penggerak
rotasi,serta revolusi bumi terhadap matahari,sementara kemampuan
magnet yang ada di kutub menurut para astromi dan metrologi geofisika
kurang lebih 66 tahun lagi ( tahun 2080 M =1500 H) bumi akan berakhir
dalam aktivitas terhadap matahari,sementara secara universal manusia
bertuhan kepada materi,sehingga tidak heran paku-paku bumi( gunung
mulai goncang dan aktif kembali) lantaran isi bumi tiadak senang
terhadap Tuhan melainkan senang terhadap materi dengan cara apapun
mereka lakukan,baigaimana solusinya jaddidu imanakum biqauli Laailaaha
illallah( perbaharuilah/servislah iman kita sekalian dengan
memperbanyak dzikir LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAH ) semua bermaanfata Amin

KARANGSOKON GULUK-GULUK SUMENEP JATIM
MTs AL-GHAFUR

Agus Joyo Sutono GURU INDONESIA

Saya sudah mengajukan inphassing thn 2011 yang lalu, persyaratan sudah
kami lengkapi, tapi kenapa sampai sekarang kok belum terbit SK
Penyetaraannya ? saya sebagai GBPNS, saya sertifikasi lulus tahun
2011.

Peganjaran Rt 04 Rw 01 Kec Bae Kab Kudus Jawa Tengah
SD NU Tanwirul Qulub Kota Kudus Jateng

DIANTO, S.Pd GURU INDONESIA

INGIN DI ANGKAT MENJADI PNS GRATIS

DS SELOREJO, KEC BAGOR, KAB. NGANJUK JAWA TIMUR
SDN BANARANKULON I BAGOR NGANJUK

Sabtu, 29 Maret 2014

Merirysko S. Nenabu,S.Th GURU INDONESIA

Cari Tahu Informasi Tunjangan Khusus

Noemuke
SD GMIT Noemuke

ZUL HARMANUDDIN GURU INDONESIA

setiap perjalanan menuju kebenaran pasti ada rintangan tapi semua itu
seperti sebuah pertanyaan yang harus dicari jawabannya, Tuhan
menurunkan wahyu melalui para Nabi dan dinikmati oleh setiap ummat
manusia merupakan petunjuk dan jawaban dari setiap pertanyaan tiada
terkecuali pemula ataupun ahli, bukan golongan maupun golongan. semua
itu tergantung kita yang melaluinya...

DASAN BARU DESA KUANG BARU KECAMATAN SAKRA
SD NEGERI 2 MONTONG TANGI

maria trisna GURU INDONESIA

Salam kenal, saya guru uda 17 tahun ngajar di sekolah swasta, saya uda
lulus sertifikasi....yang ingin informasi adalah untuk
INPASINGnya....mohon info dari Rekan-rekan guru. Makasi

jl. pademnagan 2 gg 21 no 17 a
sd st. cicilia

abdu halim GURU INDONESIA

Artikel ini bisa memberikan solidaritas sesama guru dan bisa membagi
pengalaman untuk memdidik dan mengajar anak bangsa thanks

x koto diatas kab. solok sumbar
SMK N. 1 X Koto Diatas

Jumat, 28 Maret 2014

JAMALUDIN GURU INDONESIA

A STUDY OF THE FORM, FUNCTION AND MEANING OF LELAKAQ IN THE SASAK
SORONG SERAH RITUAL: A DISCOURSE ANALYSIS

RATIONALE

Indonesia is an archipelago country which consists of thousands of
islands, big and small islands. As an archipelago country, Indonesia
is dwelt by immeasurable residents of tribes, which range from the
West (We island) to the East (Papua Island). Each of the tribes has a
culture of its own which is recognized as the root of the National
Culture.
Bhinneka Tunggal Ika, thus the founder of the Indonesian nation and
has called country it refering to the main characteristics of the
Indonesian society. The expression of Bhinneka Tunggal Ika,becomes the
slogan of the free Indonesia, is attached in the Symbol of Garuda
Pancasila.(Amanda Schiffrin) state that People from different social
and culture background pick out accordance with their perception of
the contectual cues available in the discourse.Gumperz suggest that,
becouse the interpretation of language is inseparable from the
socio-cultural background in which take places. That is an
acknowledgment, all at once an inauguration, to the right of living
within the Country of Republic of Indonesia for about 700 tribes or
puak, their cultures in general, and their languages specifically.
(Prakirti T. Simbolon, 1999:14)
Before expressing further and more circumstantially about Lelakaq in
sorong Serah of Sasak ritual, the writer will try to elaborate what
culture is. Culture is the everyday life style of ordinary citizens
and the values beliefs and prejudice they share and social group with
due attention to the intergroup. "Culture" comes from Latin 'culture
stemming from colure, meaning "to cultivate" is a term that has many
different meanings(Supartono,2004:3) In line with the definition about
culture ,Jervis (2006) states that culture is the thoughts, behaviors,
languages, customs, the things humans produce and the method they use
to produce them. However, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia states that
culture is most commonly use in three basics as(1) Excellence of test
in the fine arts and humanities, also known as high culture,(2) An
integrated pattern of human knowledge, believe and behavior that
depend upon the capacity for symbolic thought and social learning
and(3) The set of shared attitude, values, goals, and practices.
According to Louise (1987 in I Putu Indra Kusuma (2012) there are
several notable characteristics of culture that have been woven and
rewoven into definitions and the theories upon which they are built.
Culture is learned. If it can be learned, it can be taught or acquired.
Culture and culture patterns change. It's more important to learn how
to learn culture or adapt to these changes than to learn the "fact"
and "truth" of the moment.
Culture provides sets of unique and interrelated, selected blueprints
for living and accompanying sets of value and beliefs to support these
blueprints. Strong networks of relationship and meaning link these
blueprints and value system. These networks of provide life support
system for those who interact within them.
Language and culture are closely related and interactive. Culture is
transmitted in great part through language. Culture pattern in turn
are reflected in language.
Culture functions as filtering device between its bearers and the
great range of stimuli presented by the environment. While "Larson and
smelly" culture is a blue print that guides the behavior of people in
a community and is developed in family life. Culture as explained
above can be divided into explicit and implicit:
By explicit culture is meant observable regularities in the verbal and
non verbal behavior of the member of society. It consists of the
typical behavior of the people. By implicit culture is meant the model
cognition "want interpersonal response traits, and attitude in
society. A culture may be understood as a pattern of beliefs, values,
meanings and customs shared by a group of people, often existing at an
implicit or taken-for-granted level. Further, Prasetya (2004:33 in I
Putu Indra Kusuma 2012) state that later those three manifestation are
specified into seven universal elements of culture namely; 1) Tools
and equipment in human's daily life, 2) Economy system for their
living, 3) System of society, 4) Language, 5) Science, 6) Art and 7)
System of religions and beliefs.
Based on explanation above, people have to consider that culture has
so many manifestations and elements which should be preserved in order
those will not be wiped out. Starting from the definition of culture
above the writer will elaborate and express the culture of Lombok
society namely Sasak culture.
The island of Lombok which is separated by sea of four hours cruise by
ferry boat is almost having the same size as Bali. Just it is as Bali
the surface of the island is marked with high peak known as mount
Rinjani with the height of 3776 meters above sea level. The shape of
the island like molusca with the top of concentrated highland gives
different condition compared to Bali where mountain are like making
row from west to east. The original population of Lombok is called the
Sasak, this ethnic group is physically the same as the rest of
Indonesian people yet their language is one of the Indonesian dialects
closer to East Indonesian archipelago. In term of culture the Sasak
know less then variety of Balinese do, since they live in simple way
in group of villages and not open for outsiders until late when
Balinese kingdom controlled them. During the war between Balinese
kingdom of Karangasem and Makassar, the Sasak support the Makassar
with the backup of Dutch Indische Companies.
As knew that Sasak culture is one of the national asset (mainstay)
culture expanding in Lombok Island. From the existing fact the writer
can predict that Sasak culture is the solidarity between Java and Bali
culture. This matter can be proved in behavior of Sasak society. The
example, in funeral ceremony of Bayan society (North Lombok) when they
bath the corpse use Javanese for the read of superstitious formula
(do'a). (Azhar, 1997: 62). This, one of the evidence that Sasak
culture represent solidarity with Java and Bali culture.
Other evidence that Sasak culture is identical with Balinese culture
(Hindu) when Muslim thanks event (Roah) traditional party, they are
early read of recitation (do'a) at that moment performed combustion of
frankincense. In Sasak's society life, lot of representing solidarity
of Balinese culture as in from of artistry appliances as: gamelan,
dance of gandrung (joget in Sasak) and also forms of custom clothes.
The combination between three of culture till now can be seen in Sasak
society.
As a culture above, the literary also expands in ethnic Sasak
activity. This literature comes in two different forms written and
oral. The oral literature is part of Sasak culture where its existence
does not have copy as it is, although we can find the oral literature
of Sasak had written by the author of Sasak.Sasak literary can be
divided into two: a). Prose form like fable and legend and b). Poem
form some time divided become, Kayak, Lawas and Cilokaq.
Based on the background above, this study focuses on the use of
lelakaq especially lelakaq used in Sorong Serah of Sasak ritual in
wedding ceremony. lelakaq used in Sorong Serah definitely have forms,
functions, and meaning. As illustarted in the following example
Lelakaq versus Free translation
Talet nyiur sedin pelepe Plant of coconut in bank of the mound
Tiup baraq lek dalem gue Blow of charcoal in a gave
Dendek girang iur batur lenge do not talk friend of ugly
Sengsare awak sak tanggung dose Miserable body becouse of much of sin
If we attantion in terms of language and grammar, lelakaq has a
corresponding meaning to say. It can be seen from the words that exist
in the first line to the fourth line has the link between sampiran and
content rhyme. In terms of language and sentence there respective line
has meaning when translated mean different or even the same as
Indonesian.
To avoid misunderstanding between the writer and the reader Some of
operational definitions are presented to clarify the terms as below.
a. Lelakaq is a traditional expression which is similar to traditional
poetry that consists of four lines, the first line being sampiran and
the others are contents its usually used in sasak traditional
ceremony. Lelakaq is one of the culture forms which aim to communicate
society thought which rises and develops from day to day especially
when the process of sorong serah sasak ritual.
b. Sorong Serah
Sorong Serah is the last ceremony in a wedding party after Masejati,
Mbait Wali and Mbait janji.
c. Sasak Community
Sasak community is a group of people in which have resident in Lombok
Island and the people who have been here namely Sasak.
d. Sasak Tribe
Sasak tribe known as aborigine of Lombok Island and also recognized as
mirah for west Lombok and Sasak for east Lombok. Lombok Island famouse
as Sasak Island, because of this island epoch for first grows by very
close bush forest. Lombok Island mention "Lomboq" its meaning
diametrical.
e.Mesejati
Implies that of the men sent some people to local community leaders or
traditional leaders to report to the head or keliang village / hamlet
to announce the marriage of the identity of the prospective groom and
the subsequent report to the women's family.
e. Selabar
Containing the intent to treat proclaim to the family of the bride who
followed up with talks covering aji hospitality customs of the values
on the basis of valuation 33-66-100 kepeng(money) perforated or kepeng
jamaq, sometimes even selabar this event coupled with guardian
requests at once.
f. Nyongkolan
Is the processing after reception and accompanied by the bride and
groom to visit the women's families accompanied by relatives and
friends by using the traditional dress accompanied by gamelan even big
drum.
This research comprises the theoritical review of : (1) Discourse
Analysis, (2) lelakaq analysis, (3) Sorong Serah, (4) traditional
marriage of Sasak custom.
According to Schifrin (1994: 20), there are three definitions of
discourse which are influenced by different paradigms where they
reflect different assumptions between formalist, functionalist, and
formalist-functionalist dichotomy. The first is the classic definition
of discourse as derived from the formalist assumption, in which
discourse is "language above the sentence or clause." Concerning the
definition of discourse as language above the sentence or clause, many
contemporary structural analyses of discourse view the sentence as the
unit of which discourse is comprised.
The second definition to be considered replaces what is basically a
formalist trust with a functionalist trust: "discourse is language in
use." Schifrin (1994: 31) considers a functionalist view, "the study
of discourse is the study of any aspect of language use." Another
statement of this view of discourse is Brown and Yule's (1983:1)
maintaining, the analysis of discourse is, necessarily, the analysis
of language in use. As such, it cannot be restricted to the
description of linguistic forms independent of the purposes or
functions which these forms are designed to serve in human affairs.
Analysis is a form of literary criticism in which the structure of a
piece of writing is analyzed literary criticism, criticism a written
evaluation of a work of literature.Mean while an analysis is the
examination and evaluation of the relevant information to select the
best course of action from among various alternatives.
This analysis also helps the researcher to analysis the data step by
step. Furthermore, data analysis is conducted totally as the
procedures of data analysis determined. In the stage of data display,
it involves the process of arranging and organizing the information or
the collected data permits conclusion drawing or action taking. Data
display in this study is arranged and organized in the form of
narrative texts in accordance with the result of the field notes. As
data redaction, data display cannot be sported from data analysis.
In the stage of conclusion drawing or verification, the researcher
begins to look for what the meaning of the collective data are and
find out the patterns, possible configuration, causal flows and the
proposition of the collective data. Lelakaq bounce as one of the types
of traditional arts in order to perform a traditional communication in
sorong serah of sasak ritual in wedding ceremony between the pembayun,
is monotonically and dialogically performed, by nembang(bounce) (using
pantun or poems). Besides, the word of lelakaq, according to the
linguist, is derived from the Sanskrit "lelaka" or leloka, that is a
poetical wise word consisting advises and life philosophy. Then, in
the Sasak pembayun, the people said that lelakaq derives from the old
Sasak language that is le and lokaq means "the old man" who is old in
his age, old in his experience and old in his personality, who is
reasonable providing advises (Arzaki, 2006:2). lelakaq derives from
the leloka language of which in Sasak language is called lelakaq,
constitutes the art of letters comprises of line-attachment and the
content of messages (Putra, 2006:1).
Merarik is a marriage that begins with agreement between a woman and a
man who had been bound in beberaye (dating) relationship to run the
girl from her home. This event is done at night. The prospective
husband helped by trusted people to bring the prospective wife to the
peseboan (hiding place) i.e. the house of prospective husband' s
family. Merarik tradition in Sasak culture of Lombok, West Nusa
Tenggara, nowadays is understood more as selarian (eloped). Therefore,
the negative connotation of eloped which is usually done by teen
couples who do not get the blessing of their parents. In fact, due to
the simple thinking of Sasak people who simplifies the word merarik
with mamaling (stealing), so that the negative impression cannot be
avoided.
Sorong Serah In wedding party of Sasak ethnic was famous the form of
Sorong Serah. Sorong Serah is last ceremony in wedding party. Below is
the process of Sorong Serah. It happen after mesejati is carried out;
the next day is followed by the custom of "Mbait Wali" to bring the
couple in to marriage immediately solemnized according to the Islamic
religion.
After the solemnization, the next two days is followed by "Mbait
Janji" by the bridegroom. The intention of this custom is to determine
how much the coast of the reception can be fixed. Whether, in the
house of the bridegroom or in the brides.
During in the reception of the couple will be seated side by side on a
bridal day wearing clothes traditional. After the reception is over,
then followed by "Nyongkolan" Sorong Serah Aji Krame. Where the bridal
couple is brought in processing to be introduces in the public heading
to the residence of brides' family and there the couple is also seated
side by side.
Couplet of Lelakaq.
Couplet is lyrics or line in a lelakaq. The lelakaq (old poem) which
is equal to poetry at old poem have four lines one couplet. In one
couplet consist of line 1, 2 called addition and line 3, 4 are called
content.
Lelakaq which used in sorong serah of Sasak ceremony have some
formation which Malay poetry. We can see lelakaq exist in data, these
lelakaq has four lines in one couplet. The examples of that lelakaq:
Dayen landah Dasan Teloq
Lingkoq Toro jari kemaliq
Sing uninta ajah ndeqna telengok
Mulena seroro ndeqna matiq
At the above lelakaq can be seen that the lelakaq consist of four rows
in one couplet that is:
Dayen Landah Dasan Teloq: line one (1)
Lingkoq Toro jari kemaliq: line two (2)
The next in line one and line two at Malay poetry called as lelakaq
and at language of Sasak called addition.
Sing uninta ajah ndeqna telengok: line three (3)
Mulena serooro ndeqna matiq: line four (4)
In line three and line four at the lelakaq above called as content and
also same addition with Malay poetry (Old poem).
Syllable in Couplet of Lelakaq.
In Malay poetry (Old poem) one of the condition of it is obligatory is
the amount of syllable in a line as William Bright (1992) state that
syllable are units of spoken which consist of an obligatory nucleus
with optional initial and final margins.however, syllable undoubtedly
prosody of folk poetry in many language depends on the counting of
syllable in the portic line. Existing syllable in poetry lyrics
usually consist of eight until twelve syllable.
We perceive the system of poetry rhyme and of lelakaq is the same,
amount of one syllable between eight to twelve syllable, line one and
two is addition, line there and four is content (Azhar, 1996: 71). In
lelakaq which bounced in Sorong Serah of Sasak ceremony has a
condition which is same to poetry in old poem. Bellow is the evidence
of lelakaq got from the pembayun as informen.
Mun Leq Pra – ya ba – len bu – nga
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Mun ke – len – tang leq Ba – tu – ja – i
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Ndeq man wa – ye – na yak pa – leq te – ru – na
Lelakaq Evaluated from it is sound. In poem have the character of
esthetic, representing element of poem to get the beauty and
expressive energy. Sound not only as decoration in poem but also is
the more important is deepening utterance, generating to feel and
generate clear day-dream imagination, generating special atmosphere
etc (Pradopo, 1987: 22).
Lelakaq which used in sorong serah sometimes usage of sound do not be
attributed to faker of sound. The important of lelakaq is the beauty
of sound. Lelakaq do not making account of meaning of word which used
when that lelakaq is being sang, same time the words used in first
line getting run around from the second line.
If usage of sound do not accommodated or attributed to faker of sound,
figurative of device and sound feel, only as decoration and game of
sound, do not to intensify the meaning or less having expression
energy, even which will lessen or eliminating its poetic value
(Pradopo, 1987: 35).Bellow is the example:
Nenggala ndeqna araq aiq
Kaken srikaya salon bukal
Lalo ngayo ndaraqta laiq
Dedara uah bih budal
At first line (addition) above do not have relation at all with the
second line, because if interpreted or seen from facet mean word far
differ from words exist .Choice Word (Diction)
The word is a very important role in the structure of poetry because
the word is the main medium of expression. Every word has several
functions, both function to express meaning, establish harmony sound
function, and the function reveals the aesthetic value. Because it
required precision in the choice of words used. Choice of words is not
just meaning can be expressed through words but more important is how
the words chosen truly able to express an expression that gave birth
to certain messages without leaving the aesthetic aspect. Or how about
those words later spawned in text composition aesthetic values of
poetry ( Arfield in Pradopo, 1993).
in second line. If translated with Indonesian hence obtained:
Function of Lelakaq in sorong serah sasak ritual in wedding party
Analysis related to the function of language in the lelakaq,language
functions in general according to the concept lech(1981) state that
there are some function, imformational function, expressive function,
directive function,aesthetic function and phatic function.Here the
researcher seen that the bounce of lelakaq used directive function in
bounce of lelakaq which includes the functions of Lelakaq. the
function of lelakaq in sorong serah of Sasak custom are (1) as
entertainment amusement, (2) as a means of eduction, (3) as a means of
communications especially operation of society (control social), (4)
as cultivation of moral value, (5) as fastener of brotherhood string
(silaturrahmi).
The Aspect Meaning of lelakaq
There are several opinions on the kinds and types of meaning.
Brodbeck, for example, as quoted by Fisher (1986: 345), suggests that
in fact there are three notions of concepts different meanings. One
type is the meaning according to the typology brodbeck is referential
meaning; it's of a term object, thought, idea or concept represented
by the term. The meaning of this concept by Fisher, similar to aspects
of the "semantic" language by Morris (1946) - a symbol of the
relationship with the referent (designated).
FINDING AND DISCUSSION
This chapter aims at presenting the discussion of the finding of the
study, which support the research questions postulated, there were
three quoestions of the present study each question was concerned with
discourse analysis of Lelakaq generally used in Sorong Serah of Sasak
ritual in wedding party, (1) in the form, (2) function and (3) meaning
of lelakaq.
Form
Form the perspective of form or structure, a literature comprises of a
number of interconnected elements. In the essence, the expert
oflitterateurs as Teeuw (1984) and Pradopo (1993) indicate elements
which build the structure of harmoniously interconnected and
inter-supporting form of literary to generate a comprehensive meaning.
A literature (poetry) is valuable if each forming elements build a
harmonious single unit of form structure. Those elements are
interconnected, reciprocal, bound, interrelated and interdependent. As
previously discussed in Theoretical Basis sub-chapter, the form aspect
in this study is perceived to build the structure of poem, totally
supporting the function and meaning.
The result of analysis on lelakaq typology which includes (i) number
of lines in one stanza, (ii) number of syllables in each line, and
(iii) vertical structure of the last rhyme, finds several key concerns
which support theory on structure of poem.
Based on the number of lines in one stanza, the analysis result
indicates the following: (1) the poems in the first section of lelakaq
entirely comprise of four lines of each stanza; (2) in the second
section, there are four lines of each stanza by adding the word
"SUBAHNALE" followed by an exclamation mark (!) as opening; and (3) in
the third section of lelakaq, there are entirely four lines in one
stanza by adding the word "Subahnale" followed by a comma (,) as
opening of each stanza. The word "Subahnale" as opening in each stanza
of poems in both second and third sections of lelakaq is used as lines
addition; as a result, the stanzas poem in the second section remain
to have four lines in each stanza.
Lelakaq was been analyzed in more details by using some elements of
context and some other concepts, such as; inference, implicature
general knowledge of the words, principles of analogy and local
interpretation. In addition, before analyzing the Lelakaq, it will be
better to have and understanding of Lelakaq itself. It is to avoid
misunderstanding on the part of the reads in terms of Lelakaq
concepts.
Historically, Lelakaq Sasak (Pantun Sasak) is descended inherently
until nowadays generation. It is still alive and it is sufficiently
effective and efficient as a means of communication among the pembayun
in ceremony of Sorong Serah wedding party. Lelakaq as a literary work
can give satisfactory to its speakers, listeners and readers. Lelakaq
may serve the same functions as any other literary works. It may have
function as an entertainment. It may also be used as a medium of
education.
Analysis of lelakaq that is used in Sorong Serah Sasak custom can be
classified into several parts. The classification of the form of
Lelakaq is based on: lyric of poetry, arrangement, and the sound of
poetry or lelakaq which is the object of the research. Lelakaq based
to Formation In this case the meaning of formation poetry or lelakaq
here is formation of lelakaq which used processing of sorong serah to
be seen pursuant to existing conditions in old poem or Malay poetry.
Those formations consist of couplet form or line amount (lyric) in one
couplet, syllable, sound, word and rhythm. Ordinary pem defined as
tied composition while proses are free composition form. Wirjosoedarmo
stated that poem composition is tied by: (1) the number of line in
every couplet (couplet / strophe, syllable); (2) many word in every
line; (3) many syllable in every line; (4) rime and (5) rhythm
(wirjosoedarmo in Pradopo, 1987: 5).
Function and meaning of lelakaq in Sorong serah of sasak custom can be
seen from sound or meaning of lelakaq bounced by all pembayun when
execution of Sorong serah. According to Danandjaja one of the
functions between poem and rhyme is as a means of social controller.
The functions of Genre here are: (1) as a means of appliance conduct
social. (2) For entertainment amusement (Pradopo, 1987: 49). the
function of lelakaq in sorong serah of Sasak custom are (1) as
entertainment amusement, (2) as a means of eduction, (3) as a means of
communications especially operation of society (control social), (4)
as cultivation of moral value, (5) as fastener of brotherhood string
(silaturrahmi)
CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION
Conclusion
Based on the discussion on chapter IV after the writer research and
study about lelakaq used in Sorong Serah of Sasak ritual there were
two conclusions that can be drawn as follow.
1. Form of Lelakaq which used in Sorong Serah Sasak Custom as same as
form which poetry in literary of old Indonesia. The forms of Lelakaq
such pursuant to poetry formation which consist of couplet, word,
sound, rhyme and rhythm.
2 The function and meaning of lelakaq in Sorong Serah Sasak custom the
most important is as entertainment amusement. Despitefully, also
function as a means of education, communication, means operation of
society (control social), cultivation of morla value and as medium
fastener of brotherhood Leech (1981) provides orientation information
and messages on the subject matter (message oriented), give or listen
to reports (Posner, 1982: 120). This message was intended by the
author to the reader (recipients). All works of literature contain
information or message. Information or messages in the literature
assume the functions and meanings that are considered very important
that the goal is not just unknown but most importantly, to be carried
out. Information or messages in the form of mandate or purpose of
advice is the poet trying to convey. This implied message behind the
words that expressed (Waluyo, 1987
Suggestion
The research about lelakaq which used in Sorong Serah Sasak Custom and
with all limitation which we have in studying, the writer expect with
integrity of liver to be.
1. This thesis can be read and studied especially by society in
generally and the rising generation of Sasak specially to comprehend
that event of Sorong Serah Sasak Custom which someties bounce as
lelakaq is not a primitive attitude and also feudalism but Sorong
serah is endowment of loaded tradition with moral values.
2. The Lelakaq which be found in this article is small example of
lelakaq which is bounced in Sorong Serah of sasak custom by pembayun
but at least can be made asguidance, describing, as reference in
comprehending the meaning, forms and also the function of lelekaq in
Sorong serah of sasak custom.
3. Of course this thesis a long way of from perfection, because the
limitation ability of the writer in compiling this thesis so that by
all humility request constructive criticism and suggestion for the
sake of perfect at this article. The writer will feel grateful, accept
heartily and submit many thank. That way these articles the writer
compile hopefully there is benefit for us. Amen.










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